1995．第23卷第1期（Vol. 23 No. 1）．pp. 3968
Parent Involvement: A Comparison of Different Definitions and Explanations
Esther Sui-Chu HO（何瑞珠）
Over the past two decades, growing evidence shows that parents are valuable resource for public education, one that remains largely untapped. The promotion of home-school collaboration by involving parents in school or at home in their children's education has also become a major concern for policy makers and educators in Hong Kong recently. This paper attempts to clarify the construct of parent involvement and examine "what" and "how" family factors affect the pattern of parent involvement in their children's education. The major findings suggest that parent involvement is a multi-dimensional construct which can be categorized into four types: home discussion, home supervision, school communication and school participation. Family SES, family structure and ethnicity are the major determinants of differentiated extent of different types of parent involvement. Bourdieu's concepts of "capital", "habitus" and "exclusion" are useful in explaining the pattern of parent involvement in education.