1991.第19卷第1期(Vol. 19 No. 1).pp. 83–91



Technological Changes and the Role of Education

鍾宇平(Yue-Ping CHUNG)




This paper examines the types and process of technological changes, and the role of education in facilitating these changes. Even though invention is a significant step in technological changes the author adopts Rosenberg's conception of "gradual process of accretion" instead of Schumpeter's great break-through conception, in the present analysis. In order to factilitate this "gradual process of accretion", mission-oriented R&D is crucial. However, the importance of Learning-'by-doing and Learning-by-using of the workers call never be overlooked. There are two basic conditions for these types of learning to occur: the ability to learn and the ability to adapt of the workers; and the learning opportunity provided by the structure of the workplace. For the first condition, general education rather than technical skill training is more appropriate. For the second condition, work group arrangement where workers can participate in and provide feedback for decision-making is germane. With reference to the latter, a certain level of basic knowledge and the ability to participate in democratic decision-making of the workers are prerequisite. The importance of general education is also obvious here. Finally, this paper raises some research agenda in the study of education for technological changes.