Educational Research Journal

Moral Development and Moral Education: An Integrated Approach

2009.第24卷第2期(Vol. 24 No. 2).pp. 293–326

Moral Development and Moral Education: An Integrated Approach

Hing-Keung MA(馬慶強)


In this paper an overview of the psychological concepts of morality is presented and the aims of moral education based on these concepts are delineated in details. The affective and cognitive aspects of moral development are integrated in the construction of a holistic moral education program for primary school, secondary school and university students. Four domains of moral education are proposed as follows: human relationships and altruism, moral feeling and psychological needs, moral judgment, and citizenship. In addition, there are ten primary moral characters that we need to help children to develop. These moral characters are: (1) Humanity, (2) Intelligence, (3) Courage, (4) Conscience, (5) Autonomy, (6) Respect, (7) Responsibility, (8) Naturalness, (9) Loyalty, and (10) Humility. Chinese and Western perspectives are employed to elaborate the details of the proposed moral education program as well as the features of the ten primary moral characters. It is claimed that the proposed moral education program and the ten primary moral characters are universal for all cultures.

Keywords: moral development; moral education; moral character education